Civil War Veteran
Military Service: Private, 50th Regiment, Pennsylvania Infantry, Company H
Gottlieb Kugel, according to German emigration records, was born in 1830 in southwestern Germany. He applied to emigrate to North America in 1864. He applied for United States citizenship in 1865, and so was eligible to enter the military.
On March 13, 1865, Kugel enlisted as a substitute in Company H of the Pennsylvania 50th Infantry. Company H was recruited in Chester and Berks counties, Pennsylvania, so he may have arrived on American shores at Philadelphia. He was mustered out on July 30, 1865, in Georgetown, District of Columbia.
Kugel joined the Pennsylvania 50th in time to engage in General Philip Sheridan's Appomattox Campaign between March 28 and April 9, 1865. The Third Battle of Petersburg, Virginia, led to Confederate surrender on April 2, and the regiment pursued the Confederate army under General Robert E. Lee. Lee surrendered on April 9.
After duty at Washington, DC, between April 21 and April 28, 1865, the regiment took part of the Union Army's Grand Review on May 23, 1865. The regiment was also present at the laying of the cornerstone for the Soldiers National Monument at Gettysburg on July 4, 1865.
Regimental History, 50th Pennsylvania Infantry
Overview: Organized at Harrisburg October 1, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., October 2, 1861, thence moved to Annapolis, Md., October 9. Attached to Stevens' Brigade, W. T. Sherman's South Carolina Expedition, to April, 1862. District of Beaufort, S. C., Dept. South, to July, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to September, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1863, and Army of the Ohio to June, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to August, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, Army Ohio, to April, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army Potomac, to September, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Army Potomac, to July, 1865.
Service: Sherman's Expedition to Port Royal, S. C., October 21-November 7, 1861. Sailed on Steamer "Winfield Scott" and shipwrecked off coast of North Carolina. Occupation of Beaufort, S. C., December 6. Port Royal Ferry, Coosaw River, January 1, 1862. Duty at Port Royal Island, S. C., till July, 1862. Barnwell's Island, S. C., February 10 (Co. "D"). Pocotaligo May 29. Camp Stevens June 7. Moved to Hilton Head, S. C., thence to Newport News, Va., July 14-18, thence to Aquia Creek and Fredericksburg, Va., August 3-6. Operations in support of Pope August 6-16. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Sulphur Springs August 24. Battles of Groveton August 29; Bull Run August 30; Chantilly September 1. Maryland Campaign September 6-24. Battles of South Mountain, Md., September 14; Antietam September 16-17. March to Pleasant Valley September 19-October 2, and duty there till October 25. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 25-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. Burnside's 2nd Campaign January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth till February 12. Moved to Newport News February 12-14, thence to Kentucky March 21-26. Duty at Paris, Ky. till April 27. Moved to Nicholasville, Lancaster and Stanford April 27-29, thence to Somerset May 6-8, thence through Kentucky to Cairo, Ill., June 4-10, and to Vicksburg, Miss., June 14-17. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., June 17-July 4. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 5-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. At Milldale till August 12. Moved to Covington, Ky., August 12-23. Burnside's Campaign in East Tennessee August to October. Action at Blue Springs, Tenn., October 10. Clinch Mountain October 27. Knoxville Campaign November 4-December 23. Campbell's Station November 16. Siege of Knoxville November 17-December 5. Pursuit of Longstreet's army to Blain's Cross Roads December 5-26. Re-enlisted at Blaln's Cross Roads January 1, 1864. Moved to Annapolis, Md., April, 1864. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Ny River May 9; Spottsylvania C. H. May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Ox Ford May 24. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30, 1864. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Poplar Springs Church or Peeble's Farm September 29-October 2. Reconnoissance on Vaughan or Squirrel Level Road October 8. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run; October 27-28. Fort Stedman March 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee to Burkesville April 3-9. Moved to City Point, thence to Washington, D. C., April 21-28. Grand Review May 23. Present at the laying of corner stone at Gettysburg July 4. Mustered out July 30, 1865.
Regiment lost during service 8 Officers and 156 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 180 Enlisted men by disease. Total 348.